The Black Power salute was prominent in 1968, on the main award state for the Mexico Olympics. Track stars Tommie Smith and John Carlos, after recieving Gold and Bronze in the 200-meters, appeared on the award podium and raised gloved black fists in the air. The men raised their fists during the American National Anthem, and kept it held for the duration of the song. The actions performed that day, were the result of organizing with the Olympic Project for Human Rights (OPHR), founded on the revolutionary campus of San Jose State University by Harry Edwards. A former discuss thrower on the SJSU team, the OPHR was founded in 1967 to protest racial injustice. The group advocated a total boycott of the games by atheletes if four conditions were not met: Unviting of South Africa and Rhodesia for their white minority rule and Apartheid, the restoration of Muhammad Ali's world heavyweight boxing title, Avery Brundage to step down as President of the International Olympic Committee, and hiring more assistant coaches of Afrikan descent. The full boycott failed, while many actions by atheletes supported the work. Tommie Smith wore a scarf to promote 'Black Pride', both Smith and Carlos appeared shoeless on the award platform to bring attention to "Black Poverty', and Carlos unzipped his tracksuit jacket (against Olympic rules), to give solidarity to the "Black blue collar workers', and Carlos also wore African beeds, he wore them to honor those who - "were for those individuals that were lynched, or killed and that no-one said a prayer for, that were hung and tarred. It was for those thrown off the side of the boats in the Middle Passage."
Rage caught up with the dynamic John Carlos at the 50th anniversary of the founding of The Black Panther Party in Oakland Ca.